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Siena is an Italian town of 54,646 inhabitants. The city is known throughout the world for its artistic heritage and the ‘stylistic unity of its medieval street furniture, as well as for its famous Palio, the historic center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1995.
The origins date back to the Etruscan period in Siena, although a legend its founding by the Senio, one of two sons of Remus (the brother of Romulus, founder of Rome). According to legend, two brothers fled from Rome and escape a wolf stole marble and took it as a trophy in the place where they took refuge and where he founded the new city. The wolf is still the symbol of the city. Etruscan on the setting, traces of which can be seen in the Archaeological Museum, was created a Roman military colony in the time of Augustus, Saena Iulia, which in later centuries developed thanks to the position on the Cassia road, the Via Francigena. Thriving city as early as the tenth century, Siena became a city of merchants, bankers, Monte dei Paschi di Siena is the oldest bank in the world, and of saints, St. Catherine of Siena is the patron of Italy. The war between the Guelphs and Ghibellines see Siena opposed Guelph Florence, which led to several battles including the Battle of Montaperti still celebrated in the Palio. With the plague of 1348 began the slow decline of the city, until the fall of the Republic and its sale, with the peace of Cateau Cambrésis, Florence, which followed the fortunes of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany until the unification of Italy.
Piazza del Campo is considered one of the most beautiful squares in the world, Piazza del Campo has a characteristic shape of a shell with 9 segments, especially which can be seen only from the Torre del Mangia. From 1300 he held the position of the market and place of collection of Sienese during important political moments, parties and rides as still happens twice a year during the Palio.
Mangia Tower This tower, 88 meters high, 400 steps, offers a spectacle is breathtaking, you can see all of Siena, to the distant hills. The tower is named after Giovanni di Duccio, the first guardian who spent all his earnings eating in the taverns of Siena. The Sienese had renamed Mangiaguadagni, which Torre del Mangia. Legend has it that during the construction, at the foot of the tower, have been buried coins luck and every corner of the tower there are stones with written Latin and Hebrew, with the task of keeping away from the tower and thunder storms. Ticket € 7.00.
Siena Cathedral The floor of the cathedral is full of esoteric symbols and religious stories: there are all Sibyls of tradition, the Massacre of the Innocents, King David and Hermes Trismegistus, the life of Moses and the Sacrifice of Jephthah. In the left aisle opens the Piccolomini Library with frescoes by Pinturicchio. Despite its name, has never hosted the books of Pope Pius II. Immediately after the Library is the Piccolomini Chapel, where Michelangelo worked from 1501 to 1504, carving the statues of the four lower niches. The pulpit, made by Nicola Pisano, is characterized by scenes from the Bible and the Life of Jesus ticket Euro 3,00.
The Baptistery of Siena Baptistery, built in 1325, is the guardian of the frescoes by Benvenuto di Giovanni (The Miracle of St. Anthony of Padua – 1460), Pietro degli Orioli (The Washing of the Feet) and Lorenzo di Pietro, known as “Oldie” (sometimes with frescoes of the Articles of the Creed 1447/1450). The baptismal font in bronze and marble, located right in the center Baptistery, is the work of Jacopo della Quercia, Giovanni di Turino, Lorenzo Ghiberti and Donatello, who also created the bronze angels that decorate the ciborium. Ticket Euro 3,00.
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