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They date back to the Neolithic era traces left by man at various locations in Versilia. After them the Apuan Ligurians, the Etruscans, the Romans colonized the area by building houses, villages, that today represent the oldest part of the area.
Then came the Lombards, who gave an image of the territory similar to the current one.
But the turning point came in 1200 when the two cities were founded: Pietrasanta which is the northern part, which is the southern part of Camaiore.
For centuries, until about 1700, this duopoly remains constant.
From the second half of the eighteenth century Viareggio begins to expand, with its port and the reclamation of the surrounding territories.
At the end of the first half of the nineteenth century begins the interest in the sea as a healthy place for swimming in the sea and sun treatments, it is this phenomenon that gives rise to the interest in respect of Versilia as a place therapy and pleasant stay, a phenomenon growing dramatically in the late 1800s and has an exponential expansion, throughout the region, at the beginning of the twentieth century, leading the town to the current reality.
The five lands are a part of the coast of the Ligurian Riviera jagged, where there are five villages, Cinque Terre: Monterosso al Mare, Vernazza, Corniglia, Manarola, Riomaggiore.
Thanks to the geographical characteristics of the territory, the Cinque Terre are one of the main tourist attractions of Liguria, for their hilly course rough and rugged, sweetened by the construction of terraces for cultivation, which falls into the sea with deep slopes at the points where the sea penetrates into the earth rise the villages.
In 1997, together with Portovenere and the islands of Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto have been included as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
In 1998 the Ministry of the Environment has established the protected marine area Cinque Terre to protect the environment, the protection and enhancement of biological resources.
In 1999, he established the National Park of Cinque Terre for the preservation of the ecological balance, landscape protection, the protection anthropological site.
On 25 October 2011, a violent flood and subsequent landslides lead to the death of at least 7 people. The municipalities most affected were Monterosso al Mare and Vernazza.
MONTEROSSO: Monterosso al Mare is the most populous of the Cinque Terre. Its location makes it the most strategic of the five village: Located at the foot of the ridge where the three main traffic directions: the SP 36 from Val di Vara (which connects with the Aurelia), the government Resort and SP 43 (from Levanto to the Resort).
Monterosso is located in the center of a small natural bay, protected by an artificial reef. Compared to other villages that make up the Cinque Terre, Monterosso are the longest stretches of beach with the amplitude of the gulf which overlooks the country.
VERNAZZA: From west to east, after Monterosso al Mare is Vernazza. The village is situated on a small promontory, reached by a road that descends from the SS “Resort”. It is believed that the name derives from the Latin verna, of the place, but it is also plausible that it may be linked to the most famous local product: the wine called Vernaccia. Its harbor provides a safe harbor, since the time of the Maritime Republics, a natural inlet that allows docking and makes it even more distinctive and striking what is considered one of the most beautiful villages in Italy.
CORNIGLIA: Corniglia is centrally located, differs from the other villages of the Cinque Terre as it is the only borough that is not directly facing the sea, is located on top of a promontory, one hundred meters high, surrounded by vineyards on the characteristic terraces .
To reach Corniglia is necessary to climb a long flight of steps called Lardarina, composed of 33 flights with 382 steps, or you can take the road that leads to the train station. Corniglia to Vernazza is joined by an impressive promenade built halfway between the summit and the sea.
MANAROLA: Its name derives, perhaps, from the Latin Manium arula, which means small temple dedicated to Mani. The country develops from the promontory in the throat that goes down to the sea, hosting a small landing. The village is in the final stretch of the river valley Groppo. The houses overlook a behind the other on the main street, built following the coverage of the river and called because the inhabitants U Cana (Channel).
RIOMAGGIORE: Riomaggiore, (Rimasùu / :/ rima’zu in the local dialect of Ligurian language), is the easternmost of the Cinque Terre. The historic city center is situated in the valley of Rio Maggiore, the ancient Rivus Major from which the village takes its name.
We find several parallel rows of houses Genoese towers that follow the steep stream. The neighborhood of the station, so called because it developed in the second half of the nineteenth century, with the arrival of the railway, is located in the adjacent valley of the river Rio Finale (Rufinàu).
The valley of the Rio Maggiore is topped by Mount Verugola (Verügua) with three peaks, depicted the coat of arms, have always been the symbol of the village.
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